In June 2000, after two years of fighting in a border dispute,
Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a cessation of hostilities agreement
following proximity talks led by Algeria and the Organization
of African Unity. In July, the Security Council set up UNMEE
to maintain liaison with the parties and establish a mechanism
for verifying the ceasefire. In September 2000, the Council
to monitor the cessation of hostilities and to help ensure the
observance of security commitments.
On 30 July 2008, the Security Council terminated the mandate of UNMEE with effect from the following day. The Council decision came in response to crippling restrictions imposed by Eritrea on UNMEE, as well as the cutting off of fuel supplies – making it impossible for the operation to continue carrying out its mandated tasks, and putting at risk the safety and security of UN personnel.