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UNOCI Mandate

Having determined that the situation in Côte d’Ivoire continued to pose a threat to international peace and security in the region and acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Security Council, by its resolution 1528 (2004) PDF Document of 27 February 2004, decided to establish UNOCI for an initial period of 12 months as from 4 April 2004. In accordance with the resolution, on that date ONUCI took over from the United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire (MINUCI), a political mission set up by the Council in May 2003, and the forces of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

The Council authorized UNOCI to use all necessary means to carry out its mandate, within its capabilities and its areas of deployment. The mandate of the mission was originally stipulated by resolution 1528 and subsequently further developed and modified by the Security Council on a number of occasions to reflect on the evolving situation on the ground and the needs of the mission.

According to resolution 2226 PDF Document adopted by the Security Council on  25 June 2015, the mandate of UNOCI shall be the following:

(a) Protection of civilians

  • To protect, without prejudice to the primary responsibility of the Ivorian authorities, the civilian population from threat of physical violence, within its capabilities and areas of deployment and welcomes steps taken by UNOCI to move to a more preventive and pre-emptive posture in pursuit of its priorities and in active defence of its mandate, while underlining the need to continue such an effort, without prejudice to the agreed basic principles of peacekeeping;
  • To implement the comprehensive strategy for the protection of civilians in coordination with the United Nations Country Team (UNCT);
  • To work closely with humanitarian agencies, particularly in relation to areas of tensions and with respect to the return of displaced persons, to collect information on and identify potential threats against the civilian population, and bring them to the attention of the Ivorian authorities as appropriate;

(b) Political support

  • To provide, by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, good offices and political support for the efforts of the Ivorian authorities to address the root causes of the conflict and establish lasting peace and security in Côte d’Ivoire, including in the priority areas of the SSR, DDR, and reconciliation processes at both the national and local levels;
  • To provide, by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, good offices support to the Ivorian authorities for and throughout the 2015 electoral period, including by facilitating dialogue between all political stakeholders, inclusive of representatives of civil society and political parties;
  • To assist the Government of Côte d’Ivoire with the 2015 presidential election process by providing limited logistical support, particularly to access remote areas, within existing resources and capabilities, at the request of the Government of Côte d’Ivoire, while bearing in mind the primary responsibility of the Government of Côte d’Ivoire in this regard;

(c) Address remaining security threats and border-related challenges

  • To support, within its existing authorities, capabilities, and its areas of deployment, the national authorities in stabilizing the security situation in the country, with a special attention to providing support for the provision of security through the 2015 presidential electoral period;
  • To monitor and deter the activities of militias, mercenaries and other illegal armed groups and to support the Government in addressing border security challenges consistent with its existing mandate to protect civilians, including cross-border security and other challenges in the border areas, notably with Liberia, and to this end, to coordinate closely with UNMIL in order to further inter-mission cooperation, such as through undertaking coordinated patrols and contingency planning where appropriate and within their existing mandates and capabilities;
  • To liaise with the Forces Républicaines de Côte d’Ivoire (FRCI) in order to promote mutual trust among all elements composing the FRCI;

(d) Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programme (DDR) and collection of weapons

  • To assist the Government, in close coordination with other bilateral and international partners, in implementing, at the national and local levels, the national programme for the DDR of former combatants and dismantling of militias and self-defence groups, taking into account the rights and needs of the distinct categories of persons to be disarmed, demobilized and reintegrated, including children and women;
  • To support the registration and screening of former combatants and assist in assessing and verifying the reliability of the listings of former combatants;
  • To support the disarmament and repatriation of foreign armed elements, where relevant in cooperation with UNMIL and United Nations Country Teams in the region;
  • To assist the national authorities, including the National Commission to fight against the Proliferation and Illicit Traffic of Small Arms and Light Weapons, in collecting, registering, securing and disposing of weapons and in clearing explosive remnants of war, as appropriate, in accordance with resolution 2219 (2015);
  • To coordinate with the Government in ensuring that the collected weapons are not disseminated or re-utilized outside a comprehensive national security strategy, as referred to in point (e) below;

(e) Reconstitution and reform of security institutions

  • To assist the Government in implementing, without delay and in close coordination with other international partners, its comprehensive national security strategy;
  • To support the Government in providing effective, transparent and harmonized coordination of assistance, including the promotion of a clear division of tasks and responsibilities, by international partners to the security sector reform (SSR) process;
  • To advise the Government, as appropriate, on SSR and the organization of the future national army, to facilitate the provision of training, within its current resources and as requested by the Government and in close coordination with other international partners, in human rights, child protection and protection from sexual and gender-based violence to the security and law enforcement institutions, as well as capacity-building support by providing technical assistance, co-location and mentoring programmes for the police and gendarmerie and to contribute to restoring their presence throughout Côte d’Ivoire and to promote trust and confidence within and between the security and law enforcement agencies and to offer support to the development of a sustainable vetting mechanism for personnel that will be absorbed into security sector institutions;

(f)Monitoring of the arms embargo

  • To monitor the implementation of the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004) PDF Document, in cooperation with the Group of Experts established under 1584 (2005) PDF Document, including by inspecting, as they deem it necessary and when appropriate without notice, all weapons, ammunition and related materiel regardless of location, consistent with resolution 2219 (2015) PDF Document;
  • To collect, as appropriate, arms and any related materiel brought into Côte d’Ivoire in violation of the measures imposed by paragraph 7 of resolution 1572 (2004) PDF Document, and to dispose of such arms and related materiel as appropriate;
  • To assist the Government, upon its request and within its existing resources, to ensure the Government’s notification and approval requests contain the required information identified in paragraph 7 of resolution resolution 2219 (2015) PDF Document consistent with paragraph 9 of resolution 2219 (2015) PDF Document;

(g) Support for compliance with international humanitarian and human rights law

  • To contribute to the promotion and protection of human rights in Côte d’Ivoire, with special attention to grave violations and abuses committed against children and women, notably sexual- and gender-based violence, in close coordination with the Independent Expert established under the Human Rights Council’s resolution A/HRC/RES/17/21;
  • To monitor, help investigate, and report to the Council, on abuses and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including those against children in line with resolutions 1612 (2005) PDF Document, 1882 (2009) PDF Document, 1998 (2011) PDF Document and 2068 (2012) PDF Document and 2143 (2014) PDF Document, in order to prevent such abuses and violations and to end impunity;
  • To bring to the attention of the Council all individuals identified as perpetrators of serious human rights violations and to keep the Committee, established pursuant to resolution 1572 (2004) PDF Document, informed of any significant developments in this regard when appropriate;
  • To support the efforts of the Government in combating sexual- and gender-based violence, including through contributing to the implementation of a nationally owned multisectoral strategy in cooperation with UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict entities;
  • To provide specific protection for women affected by armed conflict to ensure gender expertise and training, as appropriate and within existing resources, in accordance with resolutions 1888 (2009) PDF Document, 1889 (2009) PDF Document, 1960 (2010) PDF Document and 2106 (2013) PDF Document;

(h) Support humanitarian assistance

  • To facilitate, as necessary, unhindered humanitarian access and to help strengthen the delivery of humanitarian assistance to conflict-affected and vulnerable populations, notably by contributing to enhancing security for its delivery;
  • To support the Ivorian authorities in preparing for the voluntary, safe and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced persons in cooperation with relevant humanitarian organizations, and in creating security conditions conducive to it;

(i) Public information

  • To continue to use UNOCI’s broadcasting capacity, through ONUCI FM, to contribute to the overall effort to create a peaceful environment, through the 2015 presidential electoral period;
  • To monitor any public incidents of incitement to hatred, intolerance and violence, and bring to the attention of the Council all individuals identified as instigators of political violence, and to keep the Committee established under resolution 1572 (2004) PDF Documentinformed of any significant developments in this regard, when appropriate;

(j) Protection of United Nations personnel

  • To protect United Nations personnel, installations and equipment, and ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations personnel.

Full text of resolution 2162