Iraq/Kuwait - UNIKOM - Facts and Figures
  United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
Facts & Figures
UN Documents
Map (PDF)
Location Iraq/Kuwait
Headquarters Umm Qasr, Iraq
Duration April 1991 to October 2003
Chief Military Observer Major-General Gunther Greindl (Austria)
April 1991 – July 1992
Major-General Timothy K. Dibuama (Ghana)
July 1992 – August 1993
Brigadier-General Vigar Aabrek (Norway (Acting)
August – December 1993
Major-General Krishna N.S. Thapa (Nepal)
December 1993*
*[As of 1 January 1994, General Thapa’s appointment was changed to that of the Force Commander to reflect the addition of the mechanized infantry battalion to UNIKOM]
Force Commander Major-General Krishna N.S. Thapa (Nepal)
January 1994 – December 1995
Major-General Gian Giuseppe Santillo (Italy)
December 1995 – November 1997
Major-General Esa Kalervo Tarvainen (Finland)
December 1997 – November 1999
Major-General John Vize (Ireland)
November 1999 – November 2001
Major-General Miguel Moreno (Argentina)
November 2001 – November 2002
Major-General Franciszek Gagor (Poland)
January 2003 – July 2003
Brigadier-General Upinder Singh Klair (India)
August 2003 – October 2003
Strength Initially authorized (3 April 1991):
300 military observers supported by international and local civilian staff
Subsequent authorization (5 February 1993):
3,645 all ranks, including 300 military observers supported by international and local civilian staff
Maximum (28 February 1995):
1,187 all ranks, including 254 military observers supported by international and local civilian staff
At withdrawal (30 September 2003):
Four military observers (from Hungary, Italy, Pakistan and the Russian Federation) supported by a total of 131 civilian staff, 38 of whom were recruited internationally and 93 locally
of Military Personnel*
Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh (including the mechanized infantry battalion), Canada, Chile, China, Denmark, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation (Soviet Union before 24 December 1991), Senegal, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Venezuela
*[In addition, during the setting-up phase (April–June 1991), UNIKOM included five infantry companies, drawn from UNFICYP and UNIFIL. Those troops were provided by Austria, Denmark, Fiji, Ghana and Nepal. There was also a logistic company from Sweden.]
Fatalities 8 military personnel
5 military observers
4 international civilian staff
1 local staff

18 total
Financial Aspects Method of financing:
Assessments in respect of a Special Account*
*[From 1 November 1993 through the completion of the Mission, two thirds of the operation's costs were borne by Kuwait. The remainder was met by assessed contributions of Member States]
Approximately $600.0 million (from inception through June 2003)

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