ONUMOZ was established by Security Council resolution 797 (1992) of 16 December 1992 to help implement the General Peace Agreement, signed on 4 October 1992 by the President of the Republic of Mozambique and the President of the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO). The mandate of ONUMOZ was:

  • To monitor and verify the ceasefire, the separation and concentration of forces, their demobilization and the collection, storage and destruction of weapons;
  • To monitor and verify the complete withdrawal of foreign forces and to provide security in the transport corridors;
  • To monitor and verify the disbanding of private and irregular armed groups;
  • To authorize security arrangements for vital infrastructures and to provide security for United Nations and other international activities in support of the peace process;
  • To provide technical assistance and monitor the entire electoral process;
  • To coordinate and monitor humanitarian assistance operations, in particular those relating to refugees, internally displaced persons, demobilized military personnel and the affected local population.

ONUMOZ's mandate formally came to an end at midnight on 9 December 1994. The Mission was liquidated at the end of January 1995.


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