Welcome to the United Nations

Standards of Conduct

  • UNMISS Prepares for UN Peacekeepers Day Ceremony
    UN Photo/JC McIlwaine
The UN expects that all peacekeeping personnel adhere to the highest standards of behaviour and conduct themselves in a professional and disciplined manner at all times.

Our personnel should:

  • Respect local laws, customs and practices
  • Treat host country inhabitants with respect, courtesy and consideration
  • Act with impartiality, integrity and tact.

Unfortunately, there are cases of misconduct involving peacekeeping personnel. In response, the UN and Member States ensure that all credible allegations are investigated and that appropriate action is taken when allegations are substantiated.

You can view up to date statistics on the Conduct and Discipline in UN Field Missions website. 

"As we serve the world's people and work for peace and the advancement of humanity, the United Nations must be a source of inspiration and a beacon of hope for all. Together, let us solemnly pledge that we will not tolerate anyone committing or condoning a crime, and in particular, crimes of sexual exploitation and abuse. Let us make zero tolerance a reality"

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres

Addressing misconduct

The UN has a three-pronged strategy to address all form of misconduct including sexual exploitation and abuse: pre­vention of misconduct,  enforcement of UN standards of conduct and remedial action.

This strategy is put into action through:

  • Training: Conduct and discipline issues are an essential component of pre-deployment and in-mission induction training, mandatory for all civilian, military and police peacekeeping personnel. .
  • Awareness-raising campaigns in the host country.
  • Clear standards of conduct, such as ‘The Ten Rules: Code of Personal Conduct’ for Blue Helmets introduced in 1998.
  • investigations and disciplinary measures: The UN investigates its own staff.  When allegations of misconduct involving military and police personnel are substantiated, the UN may repatriate the individuals concerned and ban them from future peacekeeping operations. The disciplinary sanctions and any other judicial actions remain the responsibility of the national jurisdiction of the individual involved.
  • Assistance to victims of sexual exploitation and abuse committed by UN personnel.

Sexual exploitation and abuse

The UN has a zero tolerance policy with respect to sexual exploitation and abuse.

This includes any sexual activity with minors or any actual or threatened physical intrusion of a sexual nature, whether by force or under unequal or coercive conditions; any actual or attempted abuse of position of vulnerability, differential power or trust, for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the sexual exploitation of another. This includes acts of transactional sex, solicitation of transactional sex, and exploitative relationships. In addition, military and police personnel in most of our missions have non-fraternization policies making relations with beneficiaries of assistance a breach of the standards of conduct. 

    See how allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse involving UN Personnel are managed in this infographic:


     

    Statistics

    Record-keeping and data tracking of allegations of misconduct and subsequent actions started in 2006. In July 2008, the Department of Field Support launched the Misconduct Tracking System (MTS), a global database and confidential tracking system for all allegations of misconduct involving peacekeeping personnel. 

    The Conduct and Discipline Unit website provides more detailed information on all these issues.

    Legal frameworks for deployed contingents

    To improve transparency and accountability in the handling of cases of misconduct the Department of Peacekeeping Operations has requested that each Troop Contributing Country (TCC) provide the legal framework applicable to its contingent when deployed to a UN Mission.

    While the information contained in the Member State fact sheet is periodically updated, the United Nations does not guarantee that the information provided is correct, complete or up to date. The fact sheet reproduces content received from the Member States and, therefore, the United Nations is not responsible for the content nor can it guarantee its accuracy.

    You can browse the legal frameworks we have received so far below:

    Argentina 
    Australia 
    Austria 
    Bangladesh 
    Belgium 
    Brazil 
    Canada 
    Czech Republic 
    Denmark 
    Ecuador 
    Egypt 
    El Salvador 
    Finland 
    France 
    Ghana 
    Guatemala 
    Hungary 
    India 
    Lithuania 
    Malawi 
    Mexico 
    Morocco 
    Nepal 
    Netherlands 
    Nigera 
    Norway 
    New Zealand 
    Pakistan 
    Paraguay 
    Romania 
    Rwanda 
    Senegal 
    Serbia 
    Slovenia 
    Sweden 
    Switzerland 
    Thailand 
    Togo 
    Turkey 
    United States of America 
    Uruguay 
    Vietnam 

    Countries which have not submitted legal frameworks:

    Belarus
    Benin
    Bhutan
    Bolivia
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Brunei
    Bulgaria
    Burkina Faso
    Burundi
    Cambodia
    Cameroon
    Chad
    Chile
    China
    Colombia
    Congo
    Cote D'Ivoire
    Croatia
    Cyprus
    DR Congo
    Estonia
    Ethiopia
    Fiji
    Gabon
    Gambia
    Georgia
    Germany
    Greece
    Guinea
    Guinea-Bissau
    Honduras
    Indonesia
    Iran
    Ireland
    Italy
    Jamaica
    Japan
    Jordan
    Kazakhstan
    Kenya
    Kyrgyzstan
    Latvia
    Liberia
    Madagascar
    Malaysia
    Mali
    Mauritania
    Moldova
    Mongolia
    Montenegro
    Mozambique
    Myanmar
    Namibia
    Niger
    Philippines
    Poland
    Portugal
    Republic of Korea
    Russia
    Samoa
    Sierra Leone
    Slovakia
    Solomon Islands
    South Africa
    Spain
    Sri Lanka
    Tanzania
    The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
    Tunisia
    Uganda
    Ukraine
    United Kingdom
    Vanuatu
    Yemen
    Zambia
    Zimbabwe